A little theory...

Planning involves the ability to anticipate and organize the actions needed to achieve a goal or solve a problem. This can be seen when a child anticipates the movements of other players in a board game, or considers the steps needed to build a structure in a construction game.

In addition, developmental psychologist Dr. David Elkind emphasizes the link between planning and autonomy in children: "Planning is a key component of autonomy. By encouraging children to plan their own activities and make decisions about how to carry them out, we help them become more autonomous and independent" (Elkind, D. "The Hurried Child: Growing Up Too Fast Too Soon", 2006).

How to develop it

In the context of play for children, developing planning skills means encouraging them to anticipate, organize and strategize to achieve playful goals. Games offer an ideal platform for stimulating this skill in a natural and engaging way.

For example, when a child plays a board game, he is confronted with strategic choices that require planning. They have to consider the various possible actions, assess their consequences and decide on the best way to progress towards victory. This activity encourages the development of strategic thinking and decision-making.

Role-playing and imaginative play also offer opportunities to develop planning skills. When children play role-playing games, they often have to plan their actions and coordinate their efforts with other participants to achieve a common goal. This strengthens their ability to collaborate, communicate and strategize together.

Did you know that when children play games that require planning, such as strategy games or puzzles, they develop essential skills for their future? By encouraging them to take part in these playful activities, you're helping them to become more organized and thoughtful. Planning acquired through play is an important skill that will help them not only in their educational careers, but also in their everyday lives.


Elkind, D. "The Hurried Child: Growing Up Too Fast Too Soon", 2006.